In a groundbreaking development, YouTube and Universal Music Group (UMG) have come together to address the challenges posed by generative AI in the music industry. This partnership follows an incident earlier this year where UMG compelled YouTube to remove an AI-generated song titled “Heart on My Sleeve” from its platform, a song that had amassed millions of views. Posted anonymously by a TikToker named Ghostwriter, the song had replicated the voice of the renowned artist Drake.
To tackle the intricate issues surrounding AI-generated music, YouTube has established three fundamental principles:
- Embracing Generative AI: YouTube acknowledges that generative AI in music is here to stay and urges the music industry to embrace this transformative technology.
- Protecting Artists’ Creative Work: The platform commits to safeguarding the creative output of artists on YouTube and ensuring that they receive their rightful monetary compensation.
- Developing New Content Policies: YouTube is actively working on formulating new content policies that can effectively address the challenges posed by AI.
These challenges include concerns related to trademark and copyright infringement, misinformation, spam, and more.
The rapid advancements in Generative AI, particularly those based on Large Language Models (LLMs), have led to their application in various domains. However, these models have been trained on vast datasets that include copyrighted materials, raising significant legal questions about potential copyright violations. Several high-profile lawsuits have already emerged in this context, such as Microsoft, GitHub, and OpenAI facing allegations of copyright infringement over their AI-powered coding assistant, GitHub Copilot. Similarly, Getty Images sued Stability AI earlier this year for copyright violations related to their images.
Vinod Malhotra, Senior Vice President Of Engineering of BlackLine, weighed in on the matter, stating, “It is highly debatable if cloning a popular singer’s voice in an AI-generated song falls under fair use, especially when significant revenue is generated from millions of views on social media platforms like YouTube.” He further emphasized that YouTube’s announcement of collaborating with music partners like UMG to create an AI framework is a commendable step forward. The three principles outlined by YouTube are expected to facilitate the responsible adoption of generative AI, safeguard the creativity and copyrights of composers and performers, and pave the way for scalable technology implementation.
This is the just the beginning of a new chapter in the interpretation and adaption of copyright laws in the face of technology advancements. As the music industry navigates the complex terrain of AI-generated music, it is clear that a balance must be struck between innovation and protection of artistic creativity.